Data scientist VS Data Analyst

"We live in a data-driven world. Increasingly, the efficient operation of organizations across sectors relies on the effective use of vast amounts of data. Making sense of big data is a combination of organizations having the tools, skills and more importantly, the mindset to see data as the new "oil" fueling a company. Unfortunately, the technology has evolved faster than the workforce skills to make sense of it and organizations across sectors must adapt to this new reality or perish."

     --Andreas Weigend, Ph.D Stanford, Head of the Social Data Lab at Stanford, former Chief Scientist Amazon.com



Data Analysts:

Data analysts translate numbers into plain English Every business collects data, whether it's sales figures, market research, logistics, or transportation costs.
A data analyst's job is to take that data and use it to help companies make better business decisions.

Tasks:
  • Analyze the data provided
  • Build dash boards and generate reports.
  • Use descriptive statistics to summarize the data.
  • Use inferential statistics to do sample to population inference; if it is survey data.
  • Traditional statistical techniques like logistic regression is used for classification and ARIMA for time series forecasting.
  • They predominantly work on enterprise commercial software(Tableau, qlikview, SAS).
  • In most of the cases, they deal with clean data.
  • Role is restricted to a particular task or particular domain.

Data Scientist:

A data scientist represents an evolution from the business or data analyst role.

Data science is, in general terms, the extraction of knowledge from data. The key word in this job title is "science," with the main goals being to extract meaning from data and to produce data products.

Tasks:
  • Since they work across various domains, first step in a project is understanding domain.
  • Visualizing the data using open source tools like R, Python.
  • Data Understanding by plotting on outcome variables, and using descriptive statistics.
  • Data Pre-processing for cleaning and transforming data in meaningful way.
  • Feature Engineering to extract the features out of data.
  • Feature Selection to extract the important features using machine learning and statistics.
  • Train, test and validation data sets creation.
  • Machine learning algorithms to build a prediction model
  • Design data products for helping customers make right decisions.
  • Work more with open source softwares like R for machine learning and python for machine learning and text analytics.
  • Data Scientists even work with Big Data.
  • They are familiar with hadoop and related stack.
  • The data scientist role has been described as “part analyst, part artist.
  • Data scientist will most likely explore and examine data from multiple disparate sources.
  • A data scientist does not simply collect and report on data, but also looks at it from many angles, determines what it means, then recommends ways to apply the data.
  • Armed with data and analytical results, a top-tier data scientist will then communicate informed conclusions and recommendations across an organization’s leadership structure.
  • Creativity with common sense are the strengths of data scientist.
  • Out of box thinking.
  • In short Data Scientist are unicorns in this data world.





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